The Theory of Games: Evolutionarily Stable Strategies

I have discussed applications of games theory and in particular Nash equilibria in two previous posts. There is fairly general agreement that it is most useful in evolutionary biology and economics. Various people have drawn attention to the danger of applying it to politics and international relations. But even in evolutionary biology, Nash equilibria are not as common as believed by some. See Nonequilibrium Ecology, support material, Appendix 3, for a detailed discussion.

The Center for Media and Democracy

In a previous post I drew attention to dangers of the increasing media concentration (e.g., Murdoch), much if not most of it strengthening the more extreme corners of the political spectrum (e.g., FoxNews). The website of the Center for Media and Democracy provides very useful information about the spin produced by well financed and therefore influential institutions. This is how the Center describes itself :

“The nonprofit Center for Media and Democracy strengthens participatory democracy by investigating and exposing public relations spin and propaganda, and by promoting media literacy and citizen journalism, media “of, by and for the people.” Our programs include PR Watch, a quarterly investigative journal; six books by CMD staff; Spin of the Day; the Weekly Spin listserv; and, Congresspedia and SourceWatch, part of our wiki-based investigative journalism collaborative to which anyone, including you, can contribute.”

You will find interesting information for example about the American Enterprise Institute, closely linked to neo-conservatives, which has offered money to discredit reports on the social costs of tobacco smoking and on global warming, and which has been at the forefront in promoting wars in Iraq and now in Iran. Have a guess where the money comes from. Interesting also information on Halliburton and its associates.