The Future Price of Oil? Pick a Number

Sydney Morning Herald, June 21-22, 2008.

Some excerpts from

“The future price of oil? Pick a number.”

“The invasion of Iraq cost the world $6 trillion in higher energy prices alone”

“An oil adviser to the World Bank and the UN Industrial Development Organization…”told a British parliamentary committee last month that Iraq had offered the US a deal, three years before the war, that would have opened 10 new giant oil fields on ‘generous’ terms, in return for lifting the sanctions. “This would certainly have prevented the steep rise of the oil price”, he said. “But the US had a different idea. It planned to occupy Iraq and annex its oil.” ”

In this context, in the same newspaper one or two days ago, it was reported that the US was negotiating with the Iraqi government to obtain exclusive oil exploitation rights for some large US companies, without competitive bidding.

One could add that lifting the sanctions would have saved the lives of about half a million children as well.

See previous posts on Iran/Iraq.

Who profits from the Iraq War?

From BBC Online June 10, 08:

“BBC uncovers lost Iraq billions

Waxman: “It may well turn out to be the largest war profiteering in history.
A BBC investigation estimates that around $23bn (£11.75bn) may have been lost, stolen or just not properly accounted for in Iraq.
For the first time, the extent to which some private contractors have profited from the conflict and rebuilding has been researched by the BBC’s Panorama using US and Iraqi government sources.
A US gagging order is preventing discussion of the allegations.
The order applies to 70 court cases against some of the top US companies.”

“While George Bush remains in the White House, it is unlikely the gagging orders will be lifted.”

So, after all, the Iraq invasion has been a success!!! Or are there still doubters around who question the morality of the Iraq invasion? Shame on them!

US Wants 58 Bases In Iraq, Shiite Lawmakers Say

From the Huffington Post 9.6.08:

McClatchy reports the U.S. is demanding 58 military bases in Iraq as part of a “status of forces” agreement that would allow American troops to remain in Iraq indefinitely:
Iraqi lawmakers say the United States is demanding 58 bases as part of a proposed “status of forces” agreement that will allow U.S. troops to remain in the country indefinitely.
_Leading members of the two ruling Shiite parties said in a series of interviews the Iraqi government rejected this proposal along with another U.S. demand that would have effectively handed over to the United States the power to determine if a hostile act from another country is aggression against Iraq. Lawmakers said they fear this power would drag Iraq into a war between the United States and Iran.
“The points that were put forth by the Americans were more abominable than the occupation,” said Jalal al Din al Saghir, a leading lawmaker from the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq. “We were occupied by order of the Security Council,” he said, referring to the 2004 Resolution mandating a U.S. military occupation in Iraq at the head of an international coalition. “But now we are being asked to sign for our own occupation. That is why we have absolutely refused all that we have seen so far.”

_The proposed “status of forces” agreement could lead to an uprising in Iraq, according to a leading Iraqi cleric:…..”

Is this what it was about all along? What has Barack Obama to say about this?

See also

Throw Down a Shot of Liquor and Bomb a Country

About three weeks ago, Hillary Clinton said, when asked what she would do if Iran attacked Israel with nuclear weapons, that the USA could “totally obliterate” Iran if it was foolish enough to do this. Senator Lieberman is an influential democratic Senator and was the Vice-presidential running mate of Al Gore.

I found this in the Huffington Post (14.5.08) under: “Lieberman: Hillary’s Threat To Bomb Iran Has A Certain Appeal To It.”

The extract is taken from an interview on the rightwing “Bill Bennett’s radio show” with senator Lieberman.

“Lieberman whole-heartedly endorsed the ‘appeal’ of the hawkish caricature Bennett had created:


BENNETT: Listen, I give her credit. She (Hillary Clinton) as found her three things. She’s found her voice. He is very much in the background now, it’s not this, you know, ventriloquial thing, it’s definitely her voice.

LIEBERMAN: That’s true.

BENNETT: And Joe, you know, this is my style. This is a girl who puts on her pearls, goes down, throws down a shot of liquor and bombs Iran, you know. This is lookout Mrs. Bennett, this is my kind of girl.

LIEBERMAN: Hehehe, it does have an appeal to it.”


This reinforces my view about the US elections. Click here.

See also here.

Fraudulence in Science and Politics

Fraud in the pharmaceutic industry:

According to the Sydney Morning Herald (April 17, 08), the US pharmaceutical company Merck has been accused of having lined up doctors (who apparently were not involved in the research) to put their names on publications in academic journals. Such ghost-writing appears to be widespread and calls into question all legitimate research of the pharmaceutic industry. Merck disputes this: although acknowledging that it sometimes paid medical writers to draft reports, it says that it then handed the reports to the doctors who did the research. However, an editorial in the Journal of the American Medical Association states that Merck had indeed manipulated a considerable number of publications promoting the pain drug Vioxx (which was withdrawn from the market in 2004 because it was linked to heart attacks, with Merck agreeing to pay $US 4.85 billion in compensation), and that some of the authors had contributed little to the work. It suggests that each author of publications in medical journals should report his/her specific contribution.

Fraud in the politicical information industry:

The New York Times April 20, 2008, published a comprehensive report on how the Bush administration has mislead the public. Full report here:

The Times successfully sued the Defense Department to gain access to 8,000 pages of e-mail messages, transcripts and records describing years of private briefings, trips to Iraq and Guantánamo and an extensive Pentagon talking points operation. Its report is based on these data.

Some excerpts here:

“How the Pentagon Spread Its Message”

“Hidden behind that appearance of objectivity, though, is a Pentagon information apparatus that has used those analysts in a campaign to generate favorable news coverage of the administration’s wartime performance…..”

“The effort, which began with the buildup to the Iraq war and continues to this day, has sought to exploit ideological and military allegiances, and also a powerful financial dynamic: Most of the analysts have ties to military contractors vested in the very war policies they are asked to assess on air.
Those business relationships are hardly ever disclosed to the viewers, and sometimes not even to the networks themselves. But collectively, the men on the plane and several dozen other military analysts represent more than 150 military contractors either as lobbyists, senior executives, board members or consultants. The companies include defense heavyweights, but also scores of smaller companies, all part of a vast assemblage of contractors scrambling for hundreds of billions in military business generated by the administration’s war on terror. It is a furious competition, one in which inside information and easy access to senior officials are highly prized.”

“In turn, members of this group have echoed administration talking points, sometimes even when they suspected the information was false or inflated. Some analysts acknowledge they suppressed doubts because they feared jeopardizing their access.”

“the campaign amounted to a sophisticated information operation. “This was a coherent, active policy,” he said.”

“Many analysts strongly denied that they had either been co-opted or had allowed outside business interests to affect their on-air comments, and some have used their platforms to criticize the conduct of the war. Several, like Jeffrey D. McCausland, a CBS military analyst and defense industry lobbyist, said they kept their networks informed of their outside work and recused themselves from coverage that touched on business interests.”

“Some network officials, meanwhile, acknowledged only a limited understanding of their analysts’ interactions with the administration. They said that while they were sensitive to potential conflicts of interest, they did not hold their analysts to the same ethical standards as their news employees regarding outside financial interests.”

“Again and again, records show, the administration has enlisted analysts as a rapid reaction force to rebut what it viewed as critical news coverage, some of it by the networks’ own Pentagon correspondents. For example, when news articles revealed that troops in Iraq were dying because of inadequate body armor, a senior Pentagon official wrote to his colleagues: “I think our analysts … properly armed … can push back in that arena”

“Conversely, the administration has demonstrated that there is a price for sustained criticism, many analysts said. You’ll lose all access, …”

See also

Whether in science, the economy or in the media, data evaluation by people whose objectivity might be jeopardized by financial or other interests, will lead to corruption. Such corruption in politics may have catastrophic effects on the stability of the system.

Klaus Rohde: Latitudinal Gradients in Species Diversity, Reproductive Strategies and Geographical Ranges.

I am frequently receiving requests for information about my work on latitudinal gradients in species diversity, reproductive strategies and latitudinal ranges. To make it easier to find my references on this work, I publish a list below. Abstracts of some of these papers can be found on my homepage, key publications.

Rohde, K. 1978. Latitudinal differences in species diversity and their causes. I. A review of the hypotheses explaining the gradients. Biologisches Zentralblatt, 97, 393-403.

Rohde, K. 1978. Latitudinal gradients in species diversity and their causes. II. Marine parasitological evidence for a time hypothesis. Biologisches Zentralblatt, 97, 405-418.

Rohde, K. 1978. Latitudinal differences in host specificity of marine Monogenea and Digenea. Marine Biology, 47, 125-134.

Rohde, K. 1985. Increased viviparity of marine parasites at high latitudes. Hydrobiologia, 127, 197-201.

Rohde, K., Heap, M. and Heap, D. 1993. Rapoport’s rule does not apply to marine teleosts and cannot explain latitudinal gradients in species richness. American Naturalist, 142, 1-16.

Rohde, K. and Heap, M. 1996. Latitudinal ranges of teleost fish in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific Oceans. American Naturalist, 147, 659-665.

Rohde, K. 1996. Rapoport’s Rule is a local phenomenon and cannot explain latitudinal gradients in species diversity. Biodiversity Letters, 3, 10-13.

Poulin, R. and Rohde, K. 1997. Comparing the richness of metazoan ectoparasite communities of marine fishes: controlling for host phylogeny. Oecologia, 110, 278-283.

Rohde, K. 1997. The larger area of the tropics does not explain latitudinal gradients in species diversity. Oikos, 79, 169-172.

Rohde, K. and Heap, M. 1998. Latitudinal differences in species and community richness and in community structure of metazoan endo- and ectoparasites of marine teleost fish. International Journal for Parasitology, 28, 461-474.

Rohde, K. 1998. Latitudinal gradients in species diversity. Area matters, but how much? Oikos, 82, 184-190.

Rohde, K. 1999. Latitudinal gradients in species diversity and Rapoport’s rule revisited: a review of recent work, and what can parasites teach us about the causes of the gradients? Ecography, 22, 593-613 (invited Minireview on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Nordic Ecological Society Oikos). Also published in Fenchel, T. ed.: Ecology 1999-and tomorrow, pp. 73-93. Oikos Editorial Office, University Lund, Sweden.

Rohde, K. 2002. Ecology and biogeography of marine parasites. Advances in Marine Biology, 43, 1-86.

Rohde, K. 2005. Latitudinal, longitudinal and depth gradients. In: K.Rohde (ed.). Marine Parasitology. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne and CABI Publishing, Wallingford, Oxon, 348-351, 526-527.

Rohde, K. 2005. Eine neue Ökologie. Aktuelle Probleme der evolutionären Ökologie. Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau, 58, 420-426.

Rohde, K. and Stauffer, D. 2005. Simulation of geographical trends in Chowdhury ecosystem model. Advances in Complex Systems 8, 451-464.

Rohde, K. 2005. Nonequilibrium Ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 223 pp. ISBN 052 1854 34.

Stauffer, D and. Rohde, K. 2006. Simulation of Rapoport’s rule for latitudinal species spread. Theory in Biosciences 125, 55-65.

Stauffer, D., Schulze, C. and Rohde, K. 2007. Habitat width along a latitudinal gradient. Vie et Milieu 57, 181-187.

Annan on Darfur and Iran

Annan: ‘Hypocrisy’ in global response to Darfur (CNN Online March 21, 2008)

(Full article here).


“At a dinner in his honor on Thursday, Annan” (the former Secretary General of the United Nations) “said U.N. member states had placed the duty to protect civilians threatened by genocide or war crimes in the hands of the members of the Security Council.
“It is fair to question whether all of them have yet fully lived up to that responsibility — notably in Darfur,” Annan said.”

“As secretary-general, Annan promoted the concept of an international “responsibility to protect” those caught in conflict that was adopted by world leaders at a 2005 summit. He also played a key role in the establishment of the International Criminal Court, the world’s first permanent war crimes tribunal.”

“Annan spoke at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel, where he received the first MacArthur Award for International Justice from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation at a dinner attended by 1,200 people.”

“Earlier in the day at wide-ranging round-table with journalists, Annan warned that military action against Iran would be “a real disaster” and the whole region could explode if the world community does not handle the many conflicts there carefully.

“The Iranian nuclear issue should be resolved through dialogue, he said.”
“We cannot, I’m sure, take on another military action in Iran, and I hope no one is contemplating it. It would be a real disaster,” Annan stressed.

It seems to me that Annan would not have stressed the danger of war against Iran without the belief that military action against Iran is indeed a real possibility. See my previous posts


Inaccurate translations of what the Iranian president is supposed to have said about Israel, uncritically accepted by some Western politicians and spread by a biassed press, are dangerous tools in preparations for war. See here.

Merkel in Israel

Die Bundeskanzlerin hat eine in Israel gut aufgenommene Rede über die deutsch-israelischen Beziehungen in Jerusalem gehalten. Es sollte keinen Zweifel daran geben, dass jeder Deutsche die Bemühungen, die Versöhnung mit Israel voranzutreiben, unterstätzen sollte. Diese Bemühungen dürfen aber nicht zu Kosten der Bemühungen gehen, eine gerechte Lösung nicht nur der palästinensischen Frage, sondern auch der Probleme im gesamten Mittleren Osten herbeizuführen. Die Geschichte wird darüber urteilen, ob die Politik der jetzigen deutschen Regierung dazu beiträgt.

Der Charakter des Islam.

Zwei Auszüge aus einem Artikel von Henryk M. Broder in Spiegel online 15.3.08. Vollständiger Artikel hier.

Wie ein Filmprojekt weltweit Panik auslöst

Ein Filmprojekt, das Schlimmstes befürchten lässt: Der holländische Rechtspopulist Wilders will einen Streifen über den Islam drehen – und noch bevor die erste Szene zu sehen ist, versuchen Politiker weltweit, ihn zu verhindern. Andernfalls könne es in vielen Ländern zu Blutvergiessen kommen.”

“Ende November 2007 erklärte Wilders, er arbeite an einem Film, der “den intoleranten und faschistischen Charakter des Koran” zeigen werde. Sprecher des Innen- und des Justizministeriums äusserten sich daraufhin besorgt, betonten aber zugleich, sie hätten keine Mittel, den Abgeordneten von seinem Plan abzubringen oder die Ausstrahlung des Films zu verhindern.”

Im folgenden ein paar Worte über den Charakter des Islam.

“Glauben und Unglauben teilen sich in Oberes und Unteres; Himmel und Höllle sind den Bekennern und Leugnern zugedacht. Nähere Bestimmung des Gebotenen und Verbotenen, fabelhafte Geschichten jüdischer und christlicher Religion, Amplifikationen aller Art, grenzenlose Tautologien und Wiederholungen bilden den Körper dieses heiligen Buches, das uns, so oft wir auch darangehen, immer von neuem anwidert, dann aber anzieht, in Erstaunen setzt und am Ende Verehrung abnötigt.”
(Goethe, Noten und Abhandlungen zum West-östlichen Divan; zitiert in Annemarie Schimmels Einleitung zur deutschen Uebersetzung des Koran von Max Henning, Reclam 1960).

Wie der Koran, so ist auch die Bibel, vor allem das Alte Testament, voller blutrünstiger Aussagen, die im historischen Zusammenhang verstanden werden müssen. Vielleicht kann mir jemand helfen, der bibelfester ist als ich: gibt es Bibelstellen, die zur Toleranz anderer Religionen aufrufen, wie zum Beispiel die Sure 109 des Koran?

“Im Namen Allahs, des Erbarmers, des Barmherzigen!
Sprich: O ihr Ungläubigen,
Ich diene nicht dem, dem ihr dienet,
Und ihr seid nicht Diener dessen, dem ich diene.
Und ich bin nicht Diener dessen, dem ihr dienet,
Und ihr seid nicht Diener dessen, dem ich diene.
Euch euer Glaube und mir mein Glaube.”

Ueber viele Jahrhunderte, als die christlichen Länder Muslime und Juden unterdrückten und oft ausrotteten, man denke nur an die spanische Inquisition, waren muslimische Länder Zufluchtsorte der Vertriebenen, bezeugt durch die grossen jüdischen Kolonien und Synagogen in diesen Ländern. Aus politischen Gründen änderte sich diese Haltung vor nicht allzulanger Zeit. Viele der gegenwärtigen Kontroversen sind nicht primär religiös sondern eindeutig politisch. Der Islam ist keine einheitliche Religion, sondern ist stark durch stammes- und historisch- bedingte Vorurteile in den verschiedenen Ländern geprägt. Um nur ein Beispiel zu nennen: Bangladesh hatte zwei weibliche Präsidentinnen oder Premierministerinnen, die Türkei eine, Pakistan eine, kaum denkbar zum Beispiel in Afghanistan.

Für einige weitere Informationen über Sex und Islam siehe

An Ominous Sign? Admiral Fallon resigns.

According to CNN News 11.3.08, Adm. William Fallon has resigned as chief of U.S. forces in the Middle East and Central Asia after more than a year in the post, citing what he called an inaccurate perception that he is at odds with the Bush administration over Iran. Full Article here.

“The perception that Fallon has opposed a drive toward military action against Iran from within the Bush administration dates to his confirmation hearings in January 2007, when he told the Senate that the United States needed to exhaust all diplomatic options in its disputes with the Islamic republic.
But he also has said that the United States would be able to take steps if Tehran were to attempt to block the Strait of Hormuz, the outlet of the Persian Gulf and a choke point for much of the world’s oil.
And he recently told CNN that the United States is looking for a peaceful settlement to disputes “in every case.””

See also